IP cameras, also known as network cameras or IP surveillance cameras, are advanced video surveillance devices that use the Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit and receive data.
Unlike traditional analog cameras that require dedicated cabling and a separate recording system, IP cameras can directly connect to a network, such as a local area network (LAN) or the internet. This connectivity allows users to access live or recorded video footage from virtually anywhere using a computer, smartphone, or tablet.
Quality: IP surveillance cameras are designed to deliver high-resolution video footage, ranging from standard definition (SD) to high definition (HD) and even ultra-high definition (UHD or 4K). The increased image clarity allows for better identification and recognition of individuals and objects in the scene.
IP cameras have built-in network interfaces (Ethernet ports or Wi-Fi capabilities) that enable them to connect to the existing network infrastructure. This connectivity simplifies installation and reduces the need for additional cabling, making IP cameras more flexible and cost-effective.
Power over Ethernet (PoE)
Support: Many IP cameras support Power over Ethernet, which means they can draw power through the Ethernet cable itself. PoE eliminates the need for a separate power source near the camera, reducing clutter and facilitating easy installation.
Some IP cameras come equipped with built-in microphones and speakers, enabling two-way audio communication between the camera location and a remote monitoring station. This feature is valuable for interactive communication or deterrence purposes.
Infrared (IR) Illumination
To capture clear images in low-light or complete darkness, IP cameras may be equipped with infrared LEDs that provide IR illumination. This feature enhances the camera's night vision capabilities.
Functionality: Certain IP cameras offer PTZ capabilities, allowing users to remotely pan, tilt, and zoom the camera lens to cover a wide area and focus on specific points of interest.